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                                 UNITED STATES
                       SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
                             WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
                            ------------------------
 
                                   FORM 10-K
(MARK ONE)
/X/             ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
               THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 [FEE REQUIRED]
                  FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1994
                                       OR
/ /           TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
             THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 [NO FEE REQUIRED]
                         COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 1-6462
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                                 TERADYNE, INC.
             (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
                                           
              MASSACHUSETTS                         04-2272148
     (State or other jurisdiction of             (I.R.S. Employer
      incorporation or organization)          Identification Number)
 
321 HARRISON AVENUE, BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS             02118
 (Address of principal executive offices)           (Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (617) 482-2700 ------------------------ SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OF THE ACT:
Title of each class Name of each exchange on which registered - --------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------- COMMON STOCK, PAR VALUE $0.125 NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to the filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes /X/ No / / Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained to the best of the registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or in any amendment to this Form 10-K. / / The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by nonaffiliates of the registrant as of February 24, 1995 was $1,335.7 million based upon the composite closing price of the registrant's Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange on that date. The number of shares outstanding of the registrant's only class of Common Stock as of February 24, 1995 was 36,847,959 shares. DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE Portions of the registrant's proxy statement in connection with its 1995 annual meeting of shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III. - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 TERADYNE, INC. FORM 10-K PART I ITEM 1: BUSINESS Teradyne, Inc. is a manufacturer of electronic test systems and backplane connection systems used in the electronics and telecommunications industries. For financial information concerning these two industry segments, see "Note L: Industry Segment and Geographic Information" in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Unless the context indicates otherwise, the term "Company" as used herein includes Teradyne, Inc. and all its subsidiaries. ELECTRONIC TEST SYSTEMS The Company designs, manufactures, markets, and services electronic test systems and related software used by component manufacturers in the design and testing of their products and by electronic equipment manufacturers for the incoming inspection of components and for the design and testing of circuit boards and other assemblies. Manufacturers use such systems and software to increase product performance, to improve product quality, to shorten time to market, to enhance manufacturability, to conserve labor costs, and to increase production yields. The Company's electronic systems are also used by telephone operating companies for the testing and maintenance of their subscriber telephone lines and related equipment. Electronic test systems produced by the Company include: (i) test systems for a wide variety of semiconductors, including digital and analog integrated circuits, (ii) test systems for circuit boards and other assemblies, and (iii) test systems for telephone lines and networks. The Company's test systems are all controlled by computers, and programming and operating software is supplied both as an integral part of the product and as a separately priced enhancement. The Company's systems are extremely complex and require extensive support both by the customer and by the Company. Prices for the Company's systems range from less than $100,000 to $5 million or more. BACKPLANE CONNECTION SYSTEMS The Company also manufactures backplane connection systems, principally for the computer, telecommunications, and military/aerospace industries. A backplane is a panel that supports the circuit boards in an electronic assembly and carries the wiring that connects the boards to each other and to other elements of a system. The Company produces both printed circuit and metal backplanes, along with mating circuit-board connectors. Backplanes are custom-configured to meet specific customer requirements. The Company has begun to extend the manufacture of backplane connection systems to include the manufacture of fully integrated electronic assemblies that incorporate backplane, card cage, cabling, and related design and production services. 2 3 MARKETING AND SALES MARKETS The Company sells its products across most sectors of the electronics industry and to companies in other industries that use electronic devices in high volume. The Company believes that it could suffer the loss of one or even a few major customers without serious long-term adverse effects. Sales to Motorola, Inc. were approximately 10% of net sales in 1994. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales in 1994. Direct sales to United States government agencies accounted for less than 1% of net sales in 1994 and about 2% of net sales in 1993 and 1992. Sales are also made within each of the Company's segments to customers who are government contractors. About 22% of backplane connection systems sales and less than 10% of electronic test systems sales fell into this category during 1994. The Company's international customers are located primarily in Europe, the Asia Pacific region, and Japan. The Company sells in these areas both directly and through foreign sales subsidiaries. Substantially all of the Company's manufacturing activities are conducted in the United States. Sales to international customers accounted for 46% of net sales in 1994, 41% in 1993, and 42% in 1992. Identifiable assets of the Company's foreign subsidiaries, consisting principally of operating assets, approximated $86.6 million at December 31, 1994, $65.0 million at December 31, 1993, and $86.0 million at December 31, 1992. Of these identifiable assets at December 31, 1994, $42.6 million were in Europe, $40.3 million were in Japan, and $3.4 million were in the Asia Pacific region. Since sales to international customers have little correlation with the location of manufacture, it is not meaningful to present operating profit by geographic area. The Company is subject to the inherent risks involved in international trade, such as political instability, restrictive trade policies, controls on funds transfer, and foreign currency fluctuations. The Company attempts to reduce the effects of currency fluctuations by hedging part of its exposed position and by conducting some of its foreign transactions in U.S. dollars or dollar equivalents. DISTRIBUTION The Company sells its electronic systems primarily through a direct sales force. Backplane connection systems are sold by direct sales personnel as well as by manufacturers' representatives. The Company has sales and service offices throughout North America, Europe, the Asia Pacific region, and Japan. COMPETITION Competition is intense in each of the business areas that the Company operates. In each market there are several significant competitors. Many of these competitors have greater resources than the Company. Competition is principally based on technical performance, equipment and service reliability, reputation and accessibility to the vendor, and price. While relative positions vary from year to year, the Company believes that it operates with a significant market share position in each of its businesses. BACKLOG On December 31, 1994, the Company's backlog of unfilled orders for electronic test systems and backplane connection systems was approximately $337.8 million and $76.2 million, respectively, compared with $238.9 million and $49.1 million, respectively, on December 31, 1993. Of the backlog at December 31, 1994, approximately 92% of the electronic test systems backlog, and approximately 91% of the backplane connection systems backlog are expected to be delivered in 1995. The Company's past experience indicates that a portion of orders included in the backlog may be canceled. There are no seasonal or unusual factors related to the backlog. 3 4 RAW MATERIALS The Company's products require a wide variety of electronic and mechanical components. In the past, the Company has experienced occasional delays in obtaining timely delivery of certain items. Additionally, the Company could experience a temporary adverse impact if any of its sole source suppliers ceased to deliver products. Management believes, however, that alternate sources could be developed. PATENTS AND LICENSES The development of products by the Company, both hardware and software, is largely based on proprietary information. The Company protects its rights in proprietary information through various methods such as copyrights, trademarks, patents and patent applications, software license agreements, and employee agreements. EMPLOYEES As of December 31, 1994, the Company employed approximately 4,000 persons. Since the inception of the Company's business, there have been no work stoppages or other labor disturbances. The Company has no collective bargaining contracts. ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES The highly technical nature of the Company's products requires a large and continuing engineering and development effort. Engineering and development expenditures for new and improved products were approximately $70.4 million in 1994, $62.4 million in 1993, and $62.0 million in 1992. These expenditures amounted to approximately 10% of net sales in 1994, 11% in 1993, and 12% in 1992. ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS The Company's manufacturing facilities are subject to numerous laws and regulations designed to protect the environment, particularly from plant wastes and emissions. These include laws such as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 ("CERCLA"), the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976. In the opinion of management, the costs associated with complying with these laws and regulations has not had and will not have a material effect upon the capital expenditures, earnings and competitive position of the Company. 4 5 EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE COMPANY The following table sets forth the names of all executive officers of the Company and certain other information relating to their positions held with the Company and other business experience. Executive officers of the Company do not have a specific term of office but rather serve at the discretion of the Board of Directors.
BUSINESS EXPERIENCE FOR THE EXECUTIVE OFFICER AGE POSITION PAST 5 YEARS - ------------------------ ---- ------------------------- ------------------------------- Alexander V. d'Arbeloff............ 67 President and Chairman of Chairman of the Board of the the Board Company since 1977; President of the Company since 1971; Director of the Company since 1960. James A. Prestridge..... 63 Executive Vice President Executive Vice President of the and Member of the Board Company since 1992; Vice President of the Company from 1971 to 1992. Owen W. Robbins......... 65 Executive Vice President Executive Vice President of the and Member of the Board Company since 1992; Vice President of the Company from 1977 to 1992. George W. Chamillard.... 56 Executive Vice President Executive Vice President of the Company beginning in 1994; Vice President of the Company from 1981 to 1993. George V. d'Arbeloff.... 50 Vice President Vice President of the Company since 1980. Ronald J. Dias.......... 51 Vice President Vice President of the Company since 1988. John P. McCabe.......... 50 Vice President Vice President of the Company beginning in 1994; Controller of the Company from 1975 to 1994. Stuart M. Osattin....... 49 Vice President and Vice President of the Company Treasurer beginning in 1994; Treasurer of the Company since 1980. Edward Rogas, Jr........ 54 Vice President Vice President of the Company since 1984. David L. Sulman......... 51 Vice President Vice President of the Company beginning in 1994; Division General Manager since 1993; Division Engineering Manager from 1982 to 1992. Frederick T. Van Veen... 64 Vice President Vice President of the Company since 1980. Donald J. Hamman........ 43 Controller Controller of the Company beginning in 1994; Director of Corporate Accounting from 1986 to 1994.
5 6 ITEM 2: PROPERTIES The Company's executive offices are in Boston, Massachusetts. Manufacturing and other operations are carried on in several locations. The following table provides certain information as to the Company's principal general offices and manufacturing facilities:
APPROXIMATE PROPERTY SQ. FT. OF LOCATION INTEREST FLOOR SPACE --------------------------------------------------------- -------- ------------ ELECTRONIC TEST SYSTEMS INDUSTRY SEGMENT: Boston, Massachusetts 321 Harrison Avenue............................ Own 245,000 179 Lincoln Street............................. Own 245,000 Agoura Hills, California............................ Own 360,000 Deerfield, Illinois................................. Own 65,000 Deerfield, Illinois................................. Lease 20,000 Walnut Creek, California............................ Lease 60,000 BACKPLANE CONNECTION SYSTEMS INDUSTRY SEGMENT: Nashua, New Hampshire............................... Own 300,000 Dublin, Ireland..................................... Lease 46,000
The Company owns most of its manufacturing and office facilities. In 1994, construction began on 28,000 square feet of Electronic Test System manufacturing space in Kumamoto, Japan. The Company intends to utilize this space beginning in 1995. Approximately 120,000 square feet of the Agoura Hills property listed above was unoccupied through 1994. The Company plans to occupy this facility in 1995. The Company is subleasing an additional 85,000 square feet of space to a third party in Walnut Creek through the expiration of the lease in June 1996. ITEM 3: LEGAL PROCEEDINGS The Company is not a party to any litigation that, in the opinion of management, could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse impact on the Company's financial position. ITEM 4: SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS Not Applicable. 6 7 PART II ITEM 5: MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED SHAREHOLDER MATTERS The following table shows the market range for the Company's Common Stock based on reported sales prices on the New York Stock Exchange.
PERIOD HIGH LOW ------------------------------------------------- ----- ----- 1993 First Quarter.................................... $18 1/8 $13 1/4 Second Quarter................................... 21 1/2 13 Third Quarter.................................... 29 5/8 20 1/2 Fourth Quarter................................... 28 1/4 20 1994 First Quarter.................................... 31 1/8 23 1/2 Second Quarter................................... 26 3/4 20 3/8 Third Quarter.................................... 32 23 1/2 Fourth Quarter................................... 34 1/4 25 5/8
The number of record holders of the Company's Common Stock at February 24, 1995 was 3,056. The Company has never paid cash dividends because it has been its policy to use earnings to finance expansion and growth. While payment of future dividends will rest within the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend, among other things, upon the Company's earnings, capital requirements and financial condition, the Company presently expects to retain all of its earnings for use in the business. ITEM 6: SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, -------------------------------------------------------- 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS) Net sales................................ $677,440 $554,734 $529,581 $508,923 $458,877 ======== ======== ======== ======== ======== Income (loss) before extraordinary item................................... $ 70,941 $ 35,923 $ 22,548 $ 18,253 $(21,332) ======== ======== ======== ======== ======== Income (loss) before extraordinary item per common share....................... $ 1.91 $ 1.00 $ 0.67 $ 0.58 $ (0.71) ======== ======== ======== ======== ======== Total assets............................. $655,942 $544,443 $461,055 $420,533 $388,931 ======== ======== ======== ======== ======== Long-term obligations.................... $ 8,806 $ 9,138 $ 23,647 $ 24,344 $ 25,045 ======== ======== ======== ======== ========
7 8 ITEM 7: MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS SELECTED RELATIONSHIPS WITHIN THE CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, -------------------------------- 1994 1993 1992 -------- -------- -------- (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS) Net sales................................................. $677,440 $554,734 $529,581 ======== ======== ======== Income before extraordinary item.......................... $ 70,941 $ 35,923 $ 22,548 ======== ======== ======== Increase in net sales from preceding year: Amount.................................................. $122,706 $ 25,153 $ 20,658 ======== ======== ======== Percentage.............................................. 22% 5% 4% ======== ======== ======== Increase in income before extraordinary item from preceding year.......................................... $ 35,018 $ 13,375 $ 4,295 ======== ======== ======== Percentage of net sales: Net sales............................................... 100% 100% 100% Expenses: Cost of sales........................................ 56 57 59 Engineering and development.......................... 10 11 12 Selling and administrative........................... 20 23 24 --- --- --- 86 91 95 Net interest income..................................... 1 --- --- --- Income before income taxes and extraordinary item....... 15 9 5 Provision for income taxes.............................. 5 3 1 --- --- --- Income before extraordinary item........................ 10% 6% 4% === === ===
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS: 1994 compared to 1993 Sales increased 22% in 1994 to $677.4 million. Sales increased in each of the major product lines of the Company -- semiconductor test systems, circuit-board test systems, telecommunications systems and backplane connection systems. The largest increases in sales occurred in semiconductor test systems, which increased 22%, and backplane connection systems, which increased 48%. Sales of semiconductor test systems grew as semiconductor manufacturers continued to add capacity in response to rising demand for their products. This capacity expansion was evidenced by a number of new semiconductor manufacturing plants coming on line. Sales of backplane connection systems increased in response to the rising demand for the high technology products in the Company's commercial customer base. As a result of the increase in sales, income before extraordinary item almost doubled in 1994, increasing $35.0 million to $70.9 million. Incoming orders grew faster than sales in 1994, increasing 28% to $803.4 million. The increase in orders, like the increase in sales, was primarily due to increases in semiconductor test system orders, which increased 49%, and in backplane connection systems, which increased 55%. As a result of the increase in orders, the Company's backlog grew 44% in 1994, finishing the year at $414.0 million. Cost of sales as a percentage of sales decreased from 57% in 1993 to 56% in 1994. The improvement was the result of the following two factors. First, the increase in sales volume permitted increased utilization of certain fixed and semi-variable components of the Company's overhead structure. Second, there was an unfavorable change in mix as sales of backplane connection systems, whose product margins are generally lower than those of electronic test systems, were higher as a percentage of total Company sales. 8 9 Engineering and development expenses declined as a percentage of sales from 11% in 1993 to 10% in 1994, as these expenses did not increase at the same rate as sales. The dollar amount of these expenses grew $8.1 million in 1994 as a result of increased investment in new product development of semiconductor test systems. Selling and administrative expenses decreased to 20% of sales in 1994 compared with 23% of sales in 1993, as the dollar volume of these expenses grew less than 3% while sales increased 22%. Interest income increased 75% in 1994 to $6.4 million due to an increase in the Company's average cash balance and higher interest rates during the year. Interest expense decreased from $3.6 million in 1993 to $1.7 million in 1994 as a result of the Company's retirement of its 9.25% convertible subordinated debentures in the fourth quarter of 1993. The Company's effective tax rate was 31% in 1994 compared with 30% in 1993. The Company was able to operate with an effective tax rate below the federal statutory rate of 35% in both years through the utilization of tax credit carryforward and foreign loss carryforward amounts. The Company expects its tax rate to approximate the statutory rate of 35% in 1995. 1993 Compared to 1992 Sales increased 5% in 1993, to $554.7 million. The increase in sales was primarily due to a 13% increase in sales of semiconductor test systems and, to a lesser extent, a 7% increase in sales of backplane connection systems. Sales of semiconductor test systems increased as semiconductor manufacturers added capacity in response to rising demand for their products. Sales of circuit-board test systems and telecommunications systems declined 7% and 18%, respectively, in 1993 compared to 1992. Incoming orders increased 19% in 1993 to $625.0 million over 1992 with increased orders occurring in each of the Company's major groups. The Company's backlog grew during 1993 to $288.0 million. Income before taxes increased by $25.3 million from 1992 to 1993 on a sales increase of $25.2 million as the Company continued to control the growth in its operating expenses. In addition, costs in 1993 were lower in the Company's circuit-board test operations following actions taken by the Company in 1992 to reduce the size of operations. These lower costs helped to offset the impact of the reduced sales of circuit-board test systems. Cost of sales decreased from 59% of sales in 1992 to 57% in 1993. While sales increased in 1993, the fixed and semi-variable components of cost of sales decreased as a result of the Company's cost reduction programs. The changes in engineering and development expenses and selling and administrative expenses were each less than 1% in 1993, compared with 1992. These expenses were essentially flat for the period 1991 through 1993 as the Company controlled the growth of its fixed costs. Interest income increased 44% in 1993 as a result of a $76.2 million increase in the Company's cash and cash equivalents balance during the year. Interest expense decreased 12% in 1993 primarily as a result of the Company's retirement of its 9.25% outstanding convertible subordinated debentures in the fourth quarter. The Company's effective tax rate increased from 13.5% in 1992 to 30% in 1993. The Company was able to utilize net operating loss carryforwards to lower its United States taxable income for financial reporting purposes in 1992, while in 1993 the U.S. carryforwards were no longer available. However, the Company's tax rate in 1993 was below the United States statutory rate of 35%, as a result of the utilization of tax credit carryforwards and foreign net operating loss carryforwards. The Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109 "Accounting for Income Taxes" at the beginning of 1993. The effect of this change in accounting principle was not material to the Company's consolidated financial position. See "Note K: Income Taxes" in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. In connection with the retirement of the Company's outstanding 9.25% convertible subordinated debentures, the Company incurred, in the fourth quarter of 1993, an extraordinary charge of $0.7 million, net of income taxes, for the costs of the redemption premium of 3.7% and the writeoff of unamortized debt issuance costs. 9 10 LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES The Company's cash balance grew $39.2 million in 1994 following an increase of $76.2 million in 1993. Cash flow generated from operations was $89.4 million in 1994 and $91.8 million in 1993. Additional cash of $25.3 million in 1994 and $33.6 million in 1993 was generated from the sale of stock to employees, including the related tax benefit, under the Company's stock option and stock purchase plans. Cash was used to fund additions to property, plant and equipment of $29.6 million in 1994 and $32.2 million in 1993. The total capital spending over the two years of $61.8 million was less than depreciation expense, creating a decrease in the Company's net investment in property plant and equipment. Property, plant and equipment declined from $185.1 million at the beginning of 1993 to $183.6 million at the end of 1994. The Company also invested $19.8 million in a U.S. Treasury Bill. In 1993 the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of 1,000,000 shares of the Company's stock on the open market. Cash of $24.6 million in 1994 and $2.3 million in 1993 was utilized for this buyback of the Company's stock. Cash was also used to retire debt of $1.6 million in 1994 and $14.7 million in 1993. The debt retirement in 1993 included $10.8 million for the repurchase of the Company's outstanding convertible debentures. The Company believes its cash and cash equivalents balance of $182.8 million, together with other sources of funds, including marketable securities of $19.8 million, cash flow generated from operations, and the available borrowing capacity of $80.0 million under its line of credit agreement, will be sufficient to meet working capital and capital expenditure requirements in 1995. Inflation has not had a significant long-term impact on earnings. If there was inflation, the Company's efforts to cover cost increases with price increases could be frustrated in the short-term by its relatively high backlog. 10 11 ITEM 8: FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Directors and Shareholders of TERADYNE, INC.: We have audited the consolidated financial statements of Teradyne, Inc. and Subsidiaries listed below. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Teradyne, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 1994 and 1993, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1994, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. Boston, Massachusetts January 20, 1995 11 12 CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS COVERED BY THE REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS Consolidated Financial Statements filed in Item 8: Balance Sheets as of December 31, 1994 and 1993 Statements of Income for the years ended December 31, 1994, 1993 and 1992 Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 1994, 1993 and 1992 Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 1994, 1993 and 1992 12 13 TERADYNE, INC. CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS DECEMBER 31, 1994 AND 1993 ASSETS
1994 1993 -------- -------- (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS) Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents.................................................. $182,811 $143,578 Marketable securities (Note B)............................................. 19,766 Accounts receivable - trade - less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,957 in 1994 and $1,990 in 1993..................................... 129,074 101,669 Inventories: Parts................................................................. 49,216 43,452 Assemblies in process................................................. 42,667 34,258 -------- -------- 91,883 77,710 Refundable income taxes.................................................... 1,064 2,049 Deferred tax assets (Note K)............................................... 14,767 10,973 Prepayments and other current assets....................................... 7,294 4,596 -------- -------- Total current assets.................................................. 446,659 340,575 Property (Note C): Land....................................................................... 19,482 19,482 Buildings and improvements................................................. 113,660 112,290 Machinery and equipment.................................................... 255,039 245,151 Construction in progress................................................... 7,067 3,259 -------- -------- Total................................................................. 395,248 380,182 Less: Accumulated depreciation............................................. (211,606) (194,103) -------- -------- Net property.......................................................... 183,642 186,079 Deferred charges and other assets.............................................. 25,641 17,789 -------- -------- Total assets.......................................................... $655,942 $544,443 ========= =========
LIABILITIES Current liabilities: Notes payable - banks...................................................... $ 8,431 $ 7,574 Current portion of long-term debt (Note C)................................. 250 521 Accounts payable - trade................................................... 13,305 10,972 Accrued employees' compensation and withholdings........................... 38,263 34,856 Unearned service revenue and customer advances............................. 46,386 22,665 Other accrued liabilities.................................................. 27,088 28,942 Income taxes payable....................................................... 5,437 1,024 -------- -------- Total current liabilities............................................. 139,160 106,554 Deferred tax liabilities (Note K).............................................. 14,722 8,643 Long-term debt (Note C)........................................................ 8,806 9,138 Commitments (Notes E and F).................................................... -------- -------- Total liabilities..................................................... 162,688 124,335 -------- --------
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY Common stock $0.125 par value, authorized 75,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding after deduction of reacquired shares, 36,351,527 in 1994 and 35,687,256 in 1993 (Notes D, G, H, I, and J)............................. 4,544 4,461 Additional paid-in capital..................................................... 248,497 247,843 Retained earnings.............................................................. 240,213 167,804 -------- -------- Total shareholders' equity............................................ 493,254 420,108 -------- -------- Total liabilities and shareholders' equity............................ $655,942 $544,443 ========= =========
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. 13 14 TERADYNE, INC. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, ------------------------------------------ 1994 1993 1992 -------- -------- -------- (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS) Net sales........................................ $677,440 $554,734 $529,581 Expenses: Cost of sales............................... 378,933 314,596 312,478 Engineering and development................. 70,442 62,356 62,023 Selling and administrative.................. 129,935 126,508 127,427 -------- -------- -------- 579,310 503,460 501,928 -------- -------- -------- Income from operations........................... 98,130 51,274 27,653 Other income (expense): Interest income............................. 6,394 3,649 2,529 Interest expense............................ (1,712) (3,604) (4,114) -------- -------- -------- Income before income taxes and extraordinary item........................................... 102,812 51,319 26,068 Provision for income taxes (Note K).............. 31,871 15,396 3,520 -------- -------- -------- Income before extraordinary item................. 70,941 35,923 22,548 Extraordinary item, less applicable income taxes of $313 (Note D)............................... (729) -------- -------- -------- Net income....................................... $ 70,941 $ 35,194 $ 22,548 ======== ======== ======== Income per common share: Income before extraordinary item............ $ 1.91 $ 1.00 $ 0.67 Extraordinary item, net of income taxes..... (0.02) -------- -------- -------- Net income per common share................. $ 1.91 $ 0.98 $ 0.67 ======== ======== ======== Shares used in calculations of income per common share (000's).................................. 37,095 35,832 33,850 ======== ======== ========
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. 14 15 TERADYNE, INC. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, ---------------------------------- 1994 1993 1992 -------- -------- -------- (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS) Cash flows from operating activities: Net income............................................... $ 70,941 $ 35,194 $ 22,548 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities: Depreciation.......................................... 31,544 30,767 31,066 Amortization.......................................... 3,756 3,775 4,270 Deferred income taxes................................. 1,494 3,828 (162) Extraordinary loss on retirement of debt.............. 1,042 Other non-cash items, net............................. 1,752 1,544 282 Changes in operating assets and liabilities: Accounts receivable................................. (27,405) 18,487 (8,237) Inventories......................................... (14,173) (12,114) (3,773) Refundable income taxes............................. 985 1 (1,140) Other assets........................................ (13,547) (5,705) (4,145) Accounts payable and accruals....................... 29,645 14,423 1,323 Income taxes payable................................ 4,413 556 (1,342) -------- -------- -------- Net cash provided by operating activities........ 89,405 91,798 40,690 -------- -------- -------- Cash flows from investing activities: Additions to property.................................... (24,556) (20,568) (19,471) Increase in equipment manufactured by the Company........ (5,003) (11,633) (8,759) Purchase of marketable securities........................ (19,766) Proceeds from sale of investment in joint venture........ 1,395 -------- -------- -------- Net cash used in investing activities............ (49,325) (32,201) (26,835) -------- -------- -------- Cash flows from financing activities: Proceeds from long-term debt............................. 3,205 Payments of long-term debt............................... (1,584) (3,940) (741) Payment to retire convertible subordinated debentures.... (10,780) Issuance of common stock under stock option and stock purchase plans........................................ 17,059 24,652 13,269 Tax benefit from stock options........................... 8,275 8,943 2,383 Acquisition of treasury stock............................ (24,597) (2,277) -------- -------- -------- Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities..................................... (847) 16,598 18,116 -------- -------- -------- Increase in cash and cash equivalents...................... 39,233 76,195 31,971 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year............. 143,578 67,383 35,412 -------- -------- -------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of year................... $182,811 $143,578 $ 67,383 ======== ======== ======== Supplementary disclosure of cash flow information: Cash paid during the year for: Interest.............................................. $ 1,643 $ 4,434 $ 4,230 Income taxes.......................................... 15,716 1,755 3,781
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. 15 16 TERADYNE, INC. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1994, 1993 AND 1992
SHARES COMMON ADDITIONAL ---------------------- STOCK PAID-IN RETAINED ISSUED REACQUIRED PAR VALUE CAPITAL EARNINGS ---------- --------- --------- -------- -------- (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS) Balance, December 31, 1991................ 31,793,201 468,600 $ 3,916 $191,002 $111,530 Issuance of stock to: Employees under Stock Option Plans (Note G)............................. 1,025,104 86,318 117 8,096 Trustees of Savings Plan (Note H)....... 200,000 25 1,875 Employees under Stock Purchase Plan (Note I)............................. 582,273 73 3,083 Tax benefit from stock options............ 2,383 Net income................................ 22,548 ---------- --------- --------- -------- -------- Balance, December 31, 1992................ 33,600,578 554,918 4,131 206,439 134,078 Tax benefit from stock options upon adoption of SFAS 109 (Note K)........... 5,734 Issuance of stock to: Employees under Stock Option Plans (Note G)............................. 2,012,778 87,054 241 17,361 Trustees of Savings Plan (Note H)....... 335,000 42 3,141 Employees under Stock Purchase Plan (Note I)............................. 295,867 37 3,830 Issuance of stock upon conversion of convertible subordinated debentures (Note D)................................ 210,585 26 4,656 Repurchase of stock....................... 125,580 (16) (2,261) Tax benefit from stock options............ 8,943 Net income................................ 35,194 Pension adjustment (Note F)............... (1,468) ---------- --------- --------- -------- -------- Balance, December 31, 1993................ 36,454,808 767,552 4,461 247,843 167,804 Issuance of stock to: Employees under Stock Option Plans (Note G)............................. 919,850 17,303 113 9,620 Trustees of Savings Plan (Note H)....... 265,000 33 2,484 Employees under Stock Purchase Plan (Note I)............................. 375,124 47 4,762 Repurchase of stock....................... 878,400 (110) (24,487) Tax benefit from stock options............ 8,275 Net income................................ 70,941 Pension adjustment (Note F)............... 1,468 ---------- --------- --------- -------- -------- Balance, December 31, 1994................ 38,014,782 1,663,255 $ 4,544 $248,497 $240,213 ========== ========= ======= ======== ========
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. 16 17 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS A. ACCOUNTING POLICIES Basis of Presentation The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Teradyne, Inc. and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly owned (referred to collectively in these notes as the "Company"). All significant intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated. Certain prior years' amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Inventories Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out basis) or market (net realizable value). Property, Plant and Equipment Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost. Leasehold improvements and major renewals are capitalized and included in property, plant and equipment accounts while expenditures for maintenance and repairs and minor renewals are charged to expense. When assets are retired, the assets and related allowances for depreciation and amortization are eliminated from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations. The Company provides for depreciation of its property principally on the straight-line method by charges to expense which are sufficient to write-off the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives. Revenue Recognition Revenue is recorded when products are shipped or, in instances where products are configured to customer requirements, upon the successful completion of test procedures. Service revenue is recognized ratably over applicable contract periods or as services are performed. In certain situations, revenue is recorded using the percentage of completion method based upon the completion of measurable milestones, with changes to total estimated costs and anticipated losses, if any, recognized in the period in which determined. Engineering and Development Costs The Company's products are highly technical in nature and require a large and continuing engineering and development effort. All engineering and development costs are expensed as incurred. Income Taxes Effective January 1, 1993, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109 (SFAS 109), "Accounting for Income Taxes." Under SFAS 109, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced by a valuation allowance if, based upon weighted available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The Company's practice is to provide U.S. federal taxes on undistributed earnings of the Company's foreign sales and service subsidiaries. Translation of Foreign Currencies Assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries which are denominated in foreign currencies are remeasured into U.S. dollars at rates of exchange in effect at the end of the fiscal year except fixed assets which are remeasured using historical exchange rates. Revenue and expense accounts are remeasured using an average of exchange rates in effect during the year. Net realized and unrealized gains and losses resulting from foreign currency remeasurement are included in operations. 17 18 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) A. ACCOUNTING POLICIES - (CONTINUED) Net Income Per Common Share Net income per common share is based upon the weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares (when dilutive) outstanding each year. Common equivalent shares result from the assumed exercise of outstanding stock options. The proceeds of which are then assumed to have been used to repurchase outstanding common stock at the average market price during the year. B. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS Fair Value The Company considers all highly liquid temporary cash investments with maturities of three months or less at date of acquisition to be cash equivalents. At December 31, 1994 marketable securities consist of a short-term investment in a U.S. Treasury Bill with an original maturity of greater than three months. Marketable securities and cash equivalents are carried at amortized cost plus accrued interest, which approximates fair value. The Company's debt consists of subsidized loans whose fair value is not practicable to estimate. For all other balance sheet financial instruments, the carrying amount approximates fair value. Off-Balance Sheet Risk The Company regularly enters into forward foreign exchange contracts in European and Japanese currencies to hedge assets, liabilities, and transactions denominated in foreign currencies, for periods consistent with its committed exposures. These contracts are used to reduce the Company's risk associated with exchange rate movements, as gains and losses on these contracts are intended to offset foreign exchange losses and gains on the assets, liabilities, and transactions being hedged. Forward foreign exchange contracts have maturities of less than one year, unless they relate to long term sales contracts denominated in foreign currency; these maturities are from one to three years. At December 31, 1994 and 1993, the face amount of forward foreign exchange contracts outstanding was $67.9 million and $51.9 million, respectively. The fair value of such contracts at December 31, 1994, determined by applying the year end foreign currency exchange rates to the contract amounts, was immaterial. The Company's policy is to defer gains and losses on these contracts until the corresponding losses and gains are recognized on the items being hedged. During 1994, the Company recorded in other current assets a $2.9 million loss on a deferred forward foreign exchange contract relating to a long term sales contract denominated in foreign currency. This loss will serve to offset foreign exchange transaction gains to be recognized on the contract revenue. Concentration of Credit Risk Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash investments and trade accounts receivable. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to trade accounts receivable are limited due to the large number of diverse and geographically dispersed customers. The Company maintains cash investments primarily in U.S. government obligations which essentially have no credit risk. 18 19 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) C. DEBT Long-term debt at December 31, 1994 and 1993 consisted of the following (in thousands):
1994 1993 ------ ------ Mortgage note payable................................ $5,040 $4,500 Industrial revenue bonds............................. 1,333 Other long-term debt................................. 4,016 3,826 ------ ------ Total...................................... 9,056 9,659 Less current maturities.............................. 250 521 ------ ------ $8,806 $9,138 ====== ======
The total maturities of long-term debt for each of the next five years are $0.3 million. Revolving Credit Agreement The Company has $80.0 million of revolving credit available through January 31, 1996 under a domestic line of credit agreement with its banks. Under the terms of the agreement, any amounts outstanding at January 31, 1996 are converted into a one year term note. As of December 31, 1994, no amounts were outstanding under this agreement. The terms of this line of credit include restrictive covenants regarding working capital, tangible net worth and leverage. Interest rates on borrowings are either at the stated prime rate or based upon Eurocurrency or certificate of deposit interest rates. Additional borrowings up to $30.0 million are permitted outside the agreement provided that the liabilities of the Company, exclusive of deferred income taxes and subordinated debt, shall not exceed 100% of the Company's tangible net worth. Mortgage Note Payable The Company received a loan of $4.5 million from the Boston Redevelopment Authority in the form of a 3% mortgage loan maturing March 31, 2013. This loan is collateralized by a mortgage on the Company's property at 321 Harrison Avenue which may, at the Company's option, become subordinated to another mortgage up to a maximum of $5.0 million. Interest for the first 4 1/2 years of the note was capitalized up to a principle amount of $5.0 million. Since September 30, 1987, the Company has been making semi-annual interest payments. Other Long-term Debt At December 31, 1994, other long-term debt consists of a Japanese yen-denominated note with an interest rate of 4.8%, secured by land in Kumamoto, Japan, with interest only payable until March 31, 1995, and principal and interest payable in monthly installments from April 28, 1995 to March 30, 2007. Short-term Borrowings The weighted average interest rate on short-term borrowings outstanding as of December 31, 1994 and 1993 was 3.2% and 3.4%, respectively. 19 20 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) D. CONVERTIBLE SUBORDINATED DEBENTURES During 1993, $5.0 million principle amount of debentures was converted into 210,585 shares of common stock resulting in an increase of $4.7 million of shareholders' equity (net of the related $0.3 million unamortized debt issue costs). On November 19, 1993, the Company exercised its option to repurchase the remaining $10.4 million outstanding debentures. The Company used $10.8 million of available cash from operations to repurchase the debentures at a premium of 103.7% of the principal amount. The premium amount and the write-off of the remaining unamortized debt issue cost resulted in a charge of $1.0 million. This charge, net of the related taxes of $0.3 million, is reflected as an extraordinary loss in the Consolidated Statements of Income. E. COMMITMENTS Rental expense for the years ended December 31, 1994, 1993, and 1992 was $10.2 million, $11.2 million, and $12.6 million, respectively. Minimum annual rentals under all noncancellable leases are: 1995 - $6.5 million; 1996 - $3.2 million; 1997 - $1.7 million; 1998 - $1.4 million; 1999 - $1.1 million; and $5.7 million thereafter, totaling $19.6 million. Offsetting the future lease payments, the Company's income from noncancellable subleases totals $0.7 million. 20 21 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) F. PENSION PLANS The Company has defined benefit pension plans covering substantially all domestic employees and employees of certain international subsidiaries. Benefits under these plans are based on the employee's years of service and compensation. The Company's funding policy is to make contributions to the plans in accordance with local laws and to the extent that such contributions are tax deductible. The assets of the plans consist primarily of equity and fixed income securities. The components of net pension expense are summarized as follows (in thousands):
1994 1993 1992 ------ ------ ------ Service cost (benefits earned during the period)........ $3,627 $2,876 $2,474 Interest cost on projected benefit obligation........... 3,708 3,065 2,408 Actual return on plan assets............................ 1,537 (3,802) (1,688) Net amortization and deferral........................... (4,371) 863 (484) ------ ------ ------ Net pension expense..................................... $4,501 $3,002 $2,710 ====== ====== ======
The following table sets forth the plans' funded status at December 31 (in thousands):
1994 1993 -------------------- -------------------- DOMESTIC FOREIGN DOMESTIC FOREIGN -------- -------- -------- -------- Actuarial present value of projected benefit obligation: Vested benefits............................ $(32,673) $(5,134) $(33,874) $(4,051) Non-vested benefits........................ (2,254) (603) (2,348) (522) -------- -------- -------- -------- Accumulated benefit obligation.................. (34,927) (5,737) (36,222) (4,573) Effect of projected future compensation levels........................................ (5,483) (2,818) (7,731) (2,314) -------- -------- -------- -------- Total projected benefit obligation.............. (40,410) (8,555) (43,953) (6,887) Plan assets at fair market value................ 35,532 4,312 35,633 3,963 Projected benefit obligation in excess of plan assets........................................ (4,878) (4,243) (8,320) (2,924) Unrecognized prior service cost................. 3,613 2,000 4,585 1,930 Unrecognized net loss (gain).................... 7,133 (465) 10,718 (1,389) Unrecognized net (asset) liability at transition.................................... (485) (501) (727) (546) Minimum pension liability adjustment............ (219) (6,844) -------- -------- -------- -------- Net pension asset (liability)................... $ 5,383 $(3,428) $ (588) $(2,929) ======== ======== ======== ======== Actuarial assumptions: Discount rate................................. 8.5% 5.5- 9.0% 7.5% 5.5- 9.0% Average increase in compensation levels....... 5% 4.6- 7.0% 5% 4.6- 7.0% Expected long-term return on assets........... 9% 5.5-10.5% 10% 5.5-10.5%
In accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards No. 87, the Company recorded a minimum pension liability adjustment of $6.8 million at December 31, 1993, representing the excess of accumulated benefit obligations over the fair value of plan assets and accrued pension liabilities. The additional liability was offset by an intangible asset to the extent of previously unrecognized prior service cost of $4.6 million. The amount in excess of previously unrecognized prior service cost was recorded as a reduction of shareholder's equity in the amount of $1.5 million, net of applicable deferred income taxes of $0.7 million. In 1994, this adjustment was reversed as the plan assets exceeded the accumulated benefit obligation. In addition to the above plans, the Company in 1993 established an unfunded supplemental defined benefit pension plan in the United States to provide retirement benefits in excess of levels allowed by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA). The actuarial present value of accumulated plan benefits totaled $1.3 million and $1.1 million at December 31, 1994 and 1993, respectively. Net pension expense was $0.4 million in 1994 and 1993. 21 22 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) G. STOCK OPTION PLANS Under its stock option plans, the Company granted options to certain directors, officers and employees entitling them to purchase common stock at 100% of market value at the date of grant. Information with respect to options granted, forfeited, and exercised is set forth below:
OUTSTANDING OPTIONS SHARES AVAILABLE ----------------------------- FOR GRANT NUMBER OF SHARES PRICE RANGE ---------------- ---------------- --------------- Balance -- December 31, 1991.................. 3,470,698 4,605,867 $ 4.25- $ 26.25 Options granted.......................... (1,157,450) 1,157,450 $ 16.63- $ 17.38 Options exercised........................ (1,025,104) $ 5.12- $ 12.25 Options canceled......................... 206,490 (206,490) $ 6.63- $ 26.25 Options terminated....................... (383,938) -- -- ---------------- ---------------- Balance -- December 31, 1992.................. 2,135,800 4,531,723 $ 4.25- $ 17.38 Options authorized....................... 3,000,000 -- -- Options granted.......................... (1,214,350) 1,214,350 $ 14.13- $ 24.88 Options exercised........................ (2,012,778) $ 4.25- $ 17.75 Options canceled......................... 102,655 (102,655) $ 6.63- $ 17.38 Options terminated....................... (25,790) -- -- ---------------- ---------------- Balance -- December 31, 1993.................. 3,998,315 3,630,640 $ 4.25- $ 24.88 Options granted.......................... (962,370) 962,370 $ 25.75- $ 29.63 Options exercised........................ (919,850) $ 6.63- $ 9.50 Options canceled......................... 99,760 (99,760) $ 4.25- $ 25.75 Options terminated....................... (16,640) -- -- ---------------- ---------------- Balance -- December 31, 1994.................. 3,119,065 3,573,400 $ 6.63- $ 29.63 ============ ============= Options exercisable on December 31, 1994...... 1,492,161 $ 6.63- $ 25.75 =============
There were no charges to income in connection with these options other than incidental expenses related to the issuance of shares. H. SAVINGS PLAN The Company sponsors a Savings Plan covering substantially all domestic employees. Under this plan, employees may contribute up to 12% of their compensation (subject to Internal Revenue Service limitations). The Company annually matches employee contributions up to 6% of such compensation at rates ranging from 50% to 100%. The Company's contributions vest after two years, although contributions for those employees with five years of service vest immediately. The trustees of the Savings Plan were granted an option to purchase 900,000 shares of the Company's common stock, exercisable at $9.50 per share (the fair market value of the Company's common stock at the date of the grant) in five cumulative annual installments beginning in 1990. In 1994, the trustees exercised the remaining 265,000 shares. Under the terms of the Plan, any gains realized from the sale of option shares are first allocated to participants' accounts to fund up to one-half of the minimum Company contribution. Any excess is applied to additional funding. In 1994, the Company established a Supplemental Savings Plan to provide savings benefits in excess of those allowed by ERISA. The provisions of which are the same as the Savings Plan. Under these plans, the amount charged to operations was $2.0 million in 1994, 1993 and 1992. 22 23 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) I. EMPLOYEE STOCK PURCHASE PLAN Under the 1979 Stock Purchase Plan, employees are entitled to purchase shares of common stock through payroll deductions of up to 10% of their compensation. The price paid for the common stock is equal to 85% of the lower of the fair market value of the Company's common stock on either the first or last business day of the year. In January 1995, the Company issued 245,229 shares of common stock to employees who participated in the Plan during 1994 at a price of $22.74 per share. During 1994, the Company amended the Plan to increase the number of shares authorized thereunder by 400,000 shares. Currently there are 560,640 shares reserved for issuance. J. STOCKHOLDER RIGHTS PLAN The Company's Board of Directors adopted a Stockholder Rights Plan on March 14, 1990, under which a dividend of one Common Stock Purchase Right was distributed for each outstanding share of Common Stock. The Plan entitles Stock Purchase Right holders to purchase shares of Company Common Stock for $40 per share in certain events, such as a tender offer to acquire 30% or more of the Company's outstanding shares. Under some circumstances, such as a determination by Continuing Directors that an acquiring party's interests are adverse to those of the Company, the Plan entitles such holders (other than an acquiring party or adverse party) to purchase $80 worth of Common Stock (or other securities or consideration owned by the Company) for $40. The Plan will expire March 26, 2000 unless earlier redeemed by the Company. K. INCOME TAXES The components of income before income taxes and extraordinary item and the provision for income taxes as shown in the Consolidated Statement of Income are as follows (in thousands):
1994 1993 1992 -------- ------- ------- Income (loss) before income taxes and extraordinary item: Domestic........................................... $ 85,403 $51,142 $27,795 Foreign............................................ 17,409 177 (1,727) -------- ------- ------- $102,812 $51,319 $26,068 ======== ======= ======= Provision (credit) for income taxes: Current: Federal............................................ $ 23,795 $ 8,308 $ 2,676 Foreign............................................ 2,840 1,194 (19) State.............................................. 3,742 1,753 1,025 -------- ------- ------- 30,377 11,255 3,682 -------- ------- ------- Deferred: Federal............................................ 1,386 3,590 96 Foreign............................................ 492 259 (58) State.............................................. (384) 292 (200) -------- ------- ------- 1,494 4,141 (162) -------- ------- ------- Total provision for income taxes........................ $ 31,871 $15,396 $ 3,520 ======== ======= =======
23 24 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) Under SFAS 109, deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. Significant components of the Company's deferred tax assets (liabilities) as of December 31, 1994 and 1993 are as follows (in thousands):
1994 1993 -------- -------- Deferred tax assets: Inventory valuations............................ $ 1,104 $ 808 Accruals........................................ 2,249 2,703 Vacation........................................ 3,121 2,751 Deferred revenue................................ 7,262 777 Federal net operating loss carryforwards........ 2,939 Foreign net operating loss carryforwards........ 1,041 3,417 Tax credits..................................... 2,698 4,075 Other........................................... 2,044 1,786 -------- -------- Total deferred tax assets............................ 19,519 19,256 -------- -------- Deferred tax liabilities: Excess of tax over book depreciation............ (11,613) (11,399) Amortization.................................... (3,306) Pension......................................... (1,948) (1,207) Other........................................... (563) (969) -------- -------- Total deferred tax liabilities....................... (17,430) (13,575) -------- -------- Valuation allowance.................................. (2,044) (3,351) -------- -------- Net deferred asset .................................. $ 45 $ 2,330 ======== ========
As of December 31, 1994, the valuation allowance principally applies to U.S. foreign tax credit carryforwards that may not be fully utilized by the Company. For foreign tax return purposes, the Company has approximately $3.0 million of net operating loss carryforwards which may be carried forward indefinitely. Below is a reconciliation of the effective tax rates for the three years indicated:
1994 1993 1992 ---- ---- ----- U.S. statutory federal tax rate........................... 35.0% 35.0% 34.0% State income taxes, net of federal tax benefit............ 2.4 2.6 1.3 Utilization of operating loss carryforwards............... (0.8) (23.0) Foreign losses not tax benefited.......................... 1.2 4.9 Tax credits............................................... (0.4) (3.5) Foreign sales corporation................................. (2.9) (2.4) (2.3) Change in valuation allowance............................. (1.3) Other, net................................................ (1.8) (2.1) (1.4) ---- ---- ----- Effective tax rate........................................ 31.0% 30.0% 13.5% ==== ==== =====
Effective January 1, 1993, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109 (SFAS 109), "Accounting for Income Taxes." As permitted by SFAS 109, the Company has elected not to restate its financial statements for any periods prior to 1993. The effect on operations for 1993 was immaterial. However, upon adoption of SFAS 109 the Company increased Additional Paid-in Capital by $5.7 million relating to the tax benefits to be derived from the utilization of U.S. net operating loss carryforward amounts resulting from tax deductions pertaining to the issuance of the Company's stock to employees under its benefit plans. 24 25 TERADYNE, INC. NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) L. INDUSTRY SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION The Company operates principally in two industry segments, which are the design, manufacturing and marketing of electronic test systems and backplane connection systems. Corporate assets consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, accounts receivable and certain other assets.
ELECTRONIC BACKPLANE TEST CONNECTION SYSTEMS SYSTEMS CORPORATE INDUSTRY INDUSTRY AND SEGMENT SEGMENT ELIMINATIONS CONSOLIDATED ----------- ----------- ------------- ------------- (IN THOUSANDS) 1994 Sales to unaffiliated customers........ $ 545,638 $ 131,802 $ 677,440 Intersegment sales..................... 5,050 $ (5,050) --------- --------- ---------- ---------- Net sales.............................. 545,638 136,852 (5,050) 677,440 Operating income....................... 92,986 18,449 (13,305) 98,130 Identifiable assets.................... 343,467 82,820 229,655 655,942 Property additions..................... 19,699 9,005 855 29,559 Depreciation and amortization expense.. 28,706 5,754 840 35,300 1993 Sales to unaffiliated customers........ $ 466,305 $ 88,429 $ 554,734 Intersegment sales..................... 4,185 $ (4,185) --------- --------- ---------- ---------- Net sales.............................. 466,305 92,614 (4,185) 554,734 Operating income....................... 57,493 7,652 (13,871) 51,274 Identifiable assets.................... 322,437 64,705 157,301 544,443 Property additions..................... 26,374 5,526 301 32,201 Depreciation and amortization expense.. 27,944 5,545 1,053 34,542 1992 Sales to unaffiliated customers........ $ 446,885 $ 82,696 $ 529,581 Intersegment sales..................... 4,061 $ (4,061) --------- --------- ---------- ---------- Net sales.............................. 446,885 86,757 (4,061) 529,581 Operating income....................... 32,436 6,075 (10,858) 27,653 Identifiable assets.................... 304,471 60,005 96,579 461,055 Property additions..................... 20,780 6,525 925 28,230 Depreciation and amortization expense.. 28,414 5,792 1,130 35,336
The Company's sales to unaffiliated customers for the three years ended December 31 were made to customers in the following geographic areas:
1994 1993 1992 -------- -------- -------- (IN THOUSANDS) Sales to unaffiliated customers: United States.................................... $366,302 $329,729 $308,635 Europe........................................... 127,895 95,877 97,681 Asia Pacific region.............................. 94,999 64,963 49,452 Japan............................................ 66,316 49,146 62,680 Other............................................ 21,928 15,019 11,133 -------- -------- -------- Total sales........................................... $677,440 $554,734 $529,581 ======== ======== ========
See "Item 1: Business - Marketing and Sales" elsewhere in this report for information on the Company's export activities, identifiable assets of foreign subsidiaries, and major customers. 25 26 SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION (UNAUDITED) Quarterly financial information for 1994 and 1993 (in thousands of dollars, except per share amounts):
1994 -------------------------------------------------------- 1ST QUARTER 2ND QUARTER 3RD QUARTER 4TH QUARTER ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Net sales........................................ $ 152,012 $ 156,497 $ 178,840 $ 190,091 Expenses: Cost of sales............................... 85,662 87,342 99,964 105,965 Engineering and development................. 15,857 17,305 17,934 19,346 Selling and administrative.................. 31,871 31,764 32,148 34,152 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- 133,390 136,411 150,046 159,463 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Income from operations........................... 18,622 20,086 28,794 30,628 Other income (expense): Interest income............................. 1,088 1,237 1,708 2,361 Interest expense............................ (470) (399) (413) (430) ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Income before income taxes....................... 19,240 20,924 30,089 32,559 Provision for income taxes....................... 5,772 6,277 9,729 10,093 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Net income....................................... $ 13,468 $ 14,647 $ 20,360 $ 22,466 ======== ========= ======== ======== Net income per common share...................... $ 0.36 $ 0.40 $ 0.55 $ 0.60 ======== ========= ======== ========
1993 -------------------------------------------------------- 1ST QUARTER 2ND QUARTER 3RD QUARTER 4TH QUARTER ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Net sales........................................ $ 127,779 $ 139,336 $ 140,279 $ 147,340 Expenses: Cost of sales............................... 73,476 80,666 78,213 82,241 Engineering and development................. 15,154 15,035 15,684 16,483 Selling and administrative.................. 31,141 32,557 32,073 30,737 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- 119,771 128,258 125,970 129,461 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Income from operations........................... 8,008 11,078 14,309 17,879 Other income (expense): Interest income............................. 714 843 1,064 1,028 Interest expense............................ (1,028) (982) (937) (657) ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Income before income taxes and extraordinary item........................................... 7,694 10,939 14,436 18,250 Provision for income taxes....................... 2,308 3,282 4,331 5,475 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Income before extraordinary item................. 5,386 7,657 10,105 12,775 Extraordinary item (net of income taxes)......... 0 0 0 (729) ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Net income....................................... $ 5,386 $ 7,657 $ 10,105 $ 12,046 ======== ========= ======== ======== Income per common share: Income before extraordinary item............ $ 0.16 $ 0.21 $ 0.28 $ 0.35 Extraordinary item.......................... (0.02) ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Net income.................................. $ 0.16 $ 0.21 $ 0.28 $ 0.33 ======== ========= ======== ========
ITEM 9: CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE None. 26 27 PART III ITEM 10: DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT Certain information relating to directors and executive officers of the Company, executive compensation, security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management, and certain relationships and related transactions is incorporated by reference herein from the Company's definitive proxy statement in connection with its Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 24, 1995, which proxy statement will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the fiscal year. For this purpose, the Management Compensation and Development Committee Report and Performance Graph included in such proxy statement are specifically not incorporated herein. (Also see "Item 1 - Executive Officers of the Company" elsewhere in this report.) ITEM 11: EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION Certain information relating to directors and executive officers of the Company, executive compensation, security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management, and certain relationships and related transactions is incorporated by reference herein from the Company's definitive proxy statement in connection with its Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 24, 1995, which proxy statement will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the fiscal year. For this purpose, the Management Compensation and Development Committee Report and Performance Graph included in such proxy statement are specifically not incorporated herein. ITEM 12: SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT Certain information relating to directors and executive officers of the Company, executive compensation, security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management, and certain relationships and related transactions is incorporated by reference herein from the Company's definitive proxy statement in connection with its Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 24, 1995, which proxy statement will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the fiscal year. For this purpose, the Management Compensation and Development Committee Report and Performance Graph included in such proxy statement are specifically not incorporated herein. ITEM 13: CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS Certain information relating to directors and executive officers of the Company, executive compensation, security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management, and certain relationships and related transactions is incorporated by reference herein from the Company's definitive proxy statement in connection with its Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 24, 1995, which proxy statement will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the fiscal year. For this purpose, the Management Compensation and Development Committee Report and Performance Graph included in such proxy statement are specifically not incorporated herein. 27 28 PART IV ITEM 14: EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES AND REPORTS ON FORM 8-K (A) 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS The following consolidated financial statements are included in Item 8: Balance Sheets as of December 31, 1994 and 1993 Statements of Income for the years ended December 31, 1994, 1993 and 1992 Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 1994, 1993 and 1992 Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 1994, 1993 and 1992 (A) 2. FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES Financial statement schedules have been omitted since either they are not required or the information is otherwise included. (A) 3. LISTING OF EXHIBITS The Exhibits which are filed with this report or which are incorporated by reference herein are set forth in the Exhibit Index. Executive Compensation Plans and Arrangements: 1. 1987 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan (filed as Exhibit 3.10(iii) to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992). 2. Teradyne, Inc. Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (filed as Exhibit 3.10(iv) to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992). 28 29 SIGNATURES PURSUANT TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, THE REGISTRANT HAS DULY CAUSED THIS REPORT TO BE SIGNED ON ITS BEHALF BY THE UNDERSIGNED, THEREUNTO DULY AUTHORIZED THIS 23RD DAY OF MARCH, 1995. TERADYNE, INC. By: OWEN W. ROBBINS ------------------------------------ Owen W. Robbins, Executive Vice President PURSUANT TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, THIS REPORT HAS BEEN SIGNED BELOW BY THE FOLLOWING PERSONS ON BEHALF OF THE REGISTRANT AND IN THE CAPACITIES AND ON THE DATES INDICATED.
SIGNATURE TITLE DATE - ---------------------------------------- ------------------------------------ --------------- ALEXANDER V. d'ARBELOFF President and Chairman of the Board March 23, 1995 - ---------------------------------------- (Principal Executive Officer) Alexander V. d'Arbeloff OWEN W. ROBBINS Executive Vice President March 23, 1995 - ---------------------------------------- and Director Owen W. Robbins (Principal Financial Officer) DONALD J. HAMMAN Controller March 23, 1995 - ---------------------------------------- Donald J. Hamman Director March , 1995 - ---------------------------------------- Edwin L. Artzt ALBERT CARNESALE Director March 23, 1995 - ---------------------------------------- Albert Carnesale DANIEL S. GREGORY Director March 23, 1995 - ---------------------------------------- Daniel S. Gregory Director March , 1995 - ---------------------------------------- Dwight H. Hibbard Director March , 1995 - ---------------------------------------- Franklin P. Johnson, Jr. JOHN P. MULRONEY Director March 23, 1995 - ---------------------------------------- John P. Mulroney JAMES A. PRESTRIDGE Executive Vice President March 23, 1995 - ---------------------------------------- and Director James A. Prestridge RICHARD J. TESTA Director March 23, 1995 - ---------------------------------------- Richard J. Testa
29 30 EXHIBIT INDEX The following designated exhibits are, as indicated below, either filed herewith or have heretofore been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and are referred to and incorporated by reference to such filings.
EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION SEC DOCUMENT REFERENCE - ------------ ------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------ 3.1 Restated Articles of Organization of the Exhibit 4.1 to the Company's Form Company, as amended S-3 Registration Statement No. 33-44347, effective December 12, 1991. 3.2 Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company Exhibit 3.3(iii) to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1990. 4.1 Indenture dated as of March 15, 1987 Exhibit 2.3 to the Company's between Zehntel, Inc. and the Bank of Registration Statement on Form 8-A California, National Association, Trustees No. 0-16446, effective February 17, 1988. 4.2 First Supplemental Indenture between the Exhibit 2.4 to the Company's Company, Zehntel, Inc. and the Bank of Registration Statement on Form 8-A California, National Association, Trustee, No. 0-16446, effective February 17, dated as of December 1, 1987 1988. 4.3 Second Supplemental Indenture by and among Exhibit 3.4(iii) to the Company's the Company, Zehntel, Inc. and Bankers Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Trust Company of California, N.A. fiscal year ended December 31, 1989. 4.4 Instrument of Acknowledgment of Exhibit 3.4(iv) to the Company's Satisfaction and Discharge of Indenture Annual Report on Form 10-K for the and Securities executed by First Trust of fiscal year ended December 31, 1994. California, National Association, successor trustee 4.5 Rights Agreement between the Company and Exhibit 4.1 to the Company's Current The First National Bank of Boston dated as Report on Form 8-K dated March 15, of March 14, 1990 1990. 10.1 Multicurrency Revolving Credit Agreement Exhibit to the Company's Quarterly dated April 29, 1991 Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 30, 1991. 10.2 First Amendment to Multicurrency Revolving Exhibit 3.10 (ii) to the Company's Credit Agreement dated as of March 5, 1993 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992. 10.3 1987 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Exhibit 3.10(iii) to the Company's Plan Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992. 10.4 Teradyne, Inc. Supplemental Executive Exhibit 3.10(iv) to the Company's Retirement Plan Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992. 10.5 1991 Employee Stock Option Plan, as amended 10.6 1979 Stock Purchase Plan, as amended 22.1 Subsidiaries of the Company 23.1 Consent of Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P.
30
   1

                                                                  EXHIBIT 10.5

                                 TERADYNE, INC.

                        1991 EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION PLAN

                   (Amended and Restated as of May 27, 1993)


        1.  PURPOSE.  This 1991 Employee Stock Option Plan (the "Plan") is
intended to provide incentives (a) to the employees of Teradyne, Inc. (the
"Company"), its parent (if any) and any present or future subsidiaries of the
Company (collectively, "Related Corporations") by providing them with
opportunities to purchase stock in the Company pursuant to options which
qualify as "incentive stock options" under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue
Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"), granted hereunder ("ISO" or "ISOs"); and
(b) to directors, employees and consultants of the Company and Related
Corporations by providing them with opportunities to purchase stock in the
Company pursuant to non-statutory stock options granted hereunder ("NSO" or
"NSOs").  Both ISOs and NSOs are referred to hereafter individually as an
"Option" and collectively as "Options."  As used herein, the terms "parent" and
"subsidiary" mean "parent corporation" and "subsidiary corporation" as those
terms are defined in Section 425 of the Code.

        2. Administration of the Plan. 
           --------------------------

           A. BOARD OR COMMITTEE ADMINISTRATION.  The Plan shall be administered
        by the Board of Directors of the Company (the "Board") or by a 
        committee appointed by the Board (the "Committee"); PROVIDED, that 
        to the extent required by Rule 16b-3 of the Securities and Exchange 
        Commission ("Rule 16b-3") under the Securities and Exchange Act of 
        1934, as amended (the "1934 Act"), with respect to specific grants of 
        Options, the Plan shall be administered by a disinterested 
        administrator or administrators within the meaning of Rule 16b-3. 
        Hereinafter all references in this Plan to the "Committee" shall mean
        the Board if no Committee has been appointed.  Subject to ratification
        of the grant of each Option by the Board (if so required by applicable
        state law), and subject to the terms of the Plan, the Committee shall
        have the authority to (i) determine the employees of the Company and
        Related Corporations (from among the class of employees eligible under
        paragraph 3 to receive ISOs) to whom ISOs may be granted, and to
        determine the individuals and entities (from among the class of
        individuals and entities eligible under paragraph 3 to receive NSOs) to
        whom NSOs may be granted; (ii) determine the time or times at which
        Options may be granted; (iii) determine the option price of shares
        subject to each Option; (iv) determine whether each Option granted
        shall be an ISO or a NSO; (v) determine (subject to paragraph 7) the
        time or times when each Option shall become exercisable and the
        duration of the exercise period;

   2

                              - 2 -

   (vi) determine whether restrictions such as repurchase
   options are to be imposed on shares subject to Options, and
   the nature of such restrictions if any, and (vii) interpret
   the Plan and prescribe and rescind rules and regulations
   relating to it.  The interpretation and construction by the
   Committee of any provisions of the Plan or of any Option
   granted under it shall be final unless otherwise determined
   by the Board.  The Committee may from time to time adopt such
   rules and regulations for carrying out the Plan as it may
   deem best.  No member of the Board or the Committee shall be
   liable for any action or determination made in good faith
   with respect to the Plan or any Option granted under it.

   3.  ELIGIBLE EMPLOYEES AND OTHERS.  ISOs may be granted to
any employee of the Company or any Related Corporation.  NSOs may
be granted to any employee, consultant or director of the Company
or any Related Corporation; PROVIDED, that no Option may be
granted hereunder to any non-employee director.  Granting of any
Option to any individual or entity shall neither entitle that
individual or entity to, nor disqualify him from, participation
in any other grant of Options.

   4.  STOCK.  The stock subject to Options shall be authorized
but unissued shares of Common Stock of the Company, par value
$.125 per share (the "Common Stock"), or shares of Common Stock
reacquired by the Company in any manner.  The aggregate number of
shares which may be issued pursuant to the Plan is 6,000,000,
subject to adjustment as provided in paragraph 13.  If any Option
granted under the Plan shall expire or terminate for any reason
without having been exercised in full or shall cease for any
reason to be exercisable in whole or in part, the unpurchased
shares subject thereto shall again be available for grants of
Options under the Plan.

   5.  GRANTING OF OPTIONS.  Options may be granted under the
Plan at any time after March 13, 1991 and prior to March 13,
2001.  The date of grant of an Option under the Plan will be the
date specified by the Committee at the time it grants the Option,
provided, however, that such date shall not be prior to the date
on which the Committee acts to approve the grant.  The Committee
shall have the right, with the consent of the optionee, to
convert an ISO granted under the Plan to a NSO pursuant to
paragraph 16.

   6.  Minimum Option Price; ISO Limitations.
       -------------------------------------

       A.  PRICE FOR NSOs.  The price per share specified in the 
   agreement relating to each NSO granted under the Plan shall in 
   no event be less than the minimum legal consideration therefor 
   required under the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
   Not more than 200,000 NSOs may be granted under the Plan for less 
   than "fair market value" (as hereinafter defined).

   3

                                    - 3 -

            B.  PRICE FOR ISOs.  The price per share specified in the
        agreement relating to each ISO granted under the Plan shall not be less 
        than the fair market value per share of Common Stock on the date of
        such grant.  In the case of an ISO to be granted to an employee owning
        stock possessing more than ten percent of the total combined voting     
        power of all classes of stock of the Company or any Related
        Corporation, the price per share specified in the agreement relating to
        such ISO shall not be less than 110 percent of the fair market value of
        Common Stock on the date of grant. 
                                                                         
            C.  $100,000 ANNUAL LIMITATION ON ISOs.  Each eligible employee 
        may be granted ISOs only to the extent that, in the aggregate under
        this Plan and all incentive stock option plans of the Company and
        any Related  Corporation, such ISOs do not become exercisable for the
        first time by such employee during any calendar year in a manner which
        would entitle the employee to purchase more than $100,000 in fair
        market value (determined at the time the ISOs were granted) of Common
        Stock in that year.  Any options granted to an employee in excess of
        such amount will be granted as Non-Qualified Options.     
                                                                         
            D.  DETERMINATION OF FAIR MARKET VALUE.  If, at the time an Option 
        is granted under the Plan, the Company's Common Stock is publicly
        traded, "fair market value" shall be determined as of the date such
        Option is granted and shall mean (i) the average (on that date) of the  
        high, low and closing prices of the Common Stock on the principal
        national securities exchange on which the Common Stock is traded, if
        the Common Stock is then traded on a national securities exchange; or
        (ii) the last reported sale price (on that date) of the Common Stock on
        the NASDAQ National Market List, if the Common Stock is not then traded
        on a national securities exchange; or (iii) the closing bid price (or
        average of bid prices) last quoted (on that date) by an established
        quotation service for over-the-counter securities, if the Common Stock
        is not reported on the NASDAQ National Market List.  However, if the
        Common Stock is not publicly traded at the time an Option is granted
        under the Plan, "fair market value" shall be deemed to be the fair
        value of the Common Stock as determined by the Committee after taking
        into consideration all factors which it deems appropriate, including,
        without limitation, recent sale and offer prices of the Common Stock in
        private transactions negotiated at arm's length.
                                                               
        7.  OPTION DURATION.  Subject to earlier termination as provided  in
paragraphs 9 and 10, each Option shall expire on the date specified by the
Committee, but not more than (i) ten years and one day from the date of grant
in the case of NSOs, (ii) ten years from the date of grant in the case of ISOs
generally, and

   4

                         - 4 -
                           
(iii) five years from the date of grant in the case of ISOs
granted to an employee owning stock possessing more than ten
percent of the total combined voting power of all classes of
stock of the Company or any Related Corporation.  Subject to
earlier termination as provided in paragraphs 9 and 10, the term
of each ISO shall be the term set forth in the original
instrument granting such ISO, except with respect to any part of
such ISO that is converted into a NSO pursuant to paragraph 16.
                           
     8.  EXERCISE OF OPTION.  Subject to the provisions of
paragraphs 9 through 12, each Option granted under the Plan shall
be exercisable as follows: 
                           
         A.  VESTING.  The Option shall either be fully exercisable 
     on the date of grant or shall become exercisable thereafter in 
     such installments as the Committee may specify.
                           
        B.   FULL VESTING OF INSTALLMENTS.  Once an installment becomes 
     exercisable it shall remain exercisable until expiration or 
     termination of the Option, unless otherwise specified by the 
     Committee.
                           
        C.   PARTIAL EXERCISE.  Each Option or installment may be 
     exercised at any time or from time to time, in whole or in part, 
     for up to the total number of shares with respect to which it is 
     then exercisable.
                           
        D.   ACCELERATION OF VESTING.  The Committee shall have the right 
     to accelerate the date of exercise of any installment of any Option;
     PROVIDED, that the Committee shall not, without the consent of the
     optionee, accelerate the exercise date of any installment of any Option
     granted to any employee as an ISO (and not previously converted into
     a NSO pursuant to paragraph 16) if such acceleration would violate the
     annual vesting limitation contained in Section 422 of the Code, as
     described in paragraph 6(C).
                           
     9. TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT.  If an optionee ceases to be employed by
the Company and all Related Corporations other than by reason of death or
disability as defined in paragraph 10, no further installments of his Options
shall become exercisable, and his Options shall terminate after the passage of
90 days from the date of termination of his employment; PROVIDED, that the
Committee may specify that NSOs may remain exercisable for more than 90 days
from the date of termination of employment; PROVIDED, FURTHER, that in no event
shall any Option or part or installment thereof become or remain exercisable
after its specified expiration date.  Employment shall be considered as
continuing uninterrupted during any bona fide leave of absence (such as those
attributable to illness, military obligations or governmental service) provided
that the period of such leave does not exceed 90 days or, if longer, any period
during which such optionee's right to reemployment is guaranteed by statute.  A

   5

                                    - 5 -

bona fide leave of absence with the written approval of the Committee shall
not be considered an interruption of employment under the Plan, provided that
such written approval contractually obligates the Company or any Related
Corporation to continue the employment of the optionee after the approved
period of absence. Options granted under the Plan shall not be affected by any
change of employment within or among the Company and Related Corporations, so
long as the optionee continues to be an employee of the Company or any Related
Corporation.  Nothing in the Plan shall be deemed to give any grantee of any
Option the right to be retained in employment or other service by the Company
or any Related Corporation for any period of time.

        Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained above, in the case
of normal retirement, NSOs granted to an optionee shall remain exercisable
until the date which is the earlier of (i) the NSOs' specified expiration date
or (ii) 90 days from the date upon which such optionee becomes employed by a
competitor of the Company, to the extent of the number of shares which have
vested prior to and during such period.  The Committee shall have the absolute
discretion to determine whether and as of what date any optionee is employed by
a competitor of the Company.

        10.  Death; Disability.
             -----------------

             A.  DEATH.  If an optionee ceases to be employed by the
        Company and all Related Corporations by reason of his death, any Option
        of his may be exercised, to the extent of the number of shares with     
        respect to which he has theretofore been granted options (whether or
        not such options have vested in accordance with their terms) by his
        estate, personal representative or beneficiary who has acquired the
        Option by will or by the laws of descent and distribution, (i) in the
        case of ISOs, at any time prior to the earlier of the ISOs' specified
        expiration date or 180 days from the date of the optionee's death or
        (ii) in the case of NSOs, at any time prior to the earlier of the NSO's
        specified expiration date or one year from the date of the optionee's
        death.

             B.  DISABILITY.  If an optionee ceases to be employed by the 
        Company and all Related Corporations by reason of his disability, any
        Option theretofore granted to such optionee shall remain exercisable
        until the date which is (i) in the case of ISOs, the earlier of the
        ISOs' specified expiration date or 180 days from the date of the
        termination of the optionee's employment or (ii) in the case of NSOs,
        the earlier of the NSOs' specified expiration date or 33 months from
        the date of the termination of the optionee's employment, to the
        extent of the number of shares (a) which, in the case of ISOs, have
        vested prior to and during the period specified in clause (i) and (b)
        which, in the case of NSOs, have vested prior to and during the period
        which is 30 months from the date the optionee ceases to be employed by

   6
                                    - 6 -

        the Company.  For the purposes of this Plan, the term "disability"
        shall mean "permanent and total disability" as defined in Section
        22(e)(3) of the Code or any successor statute.

        11.  ASSIGNABILITY.  No Option shall be assignable or transferable by 
the optionee except by will or by the laws of descent and distribution, and
during the lifetime of the optionee each Option shall be exercisable only 
by him.

        12.  TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF OPTIONS.  Options shall be evidenced by
instruments (which need not be identical) in such forms as the Committee may
from time to time approve.  Such instruments shall conform to the terms and
conditions set forth in paragraphs 6 through 11 hereof and may contain such
other provisions as the Committee deems advisable which are not inconsistent
with the Plan, including restrictions applicable to shares of Common Stock
issuable upon exercise of Options.  The Committee may from time to time confer
authority and responsibility on one or more of its own members and/or one or
more officers of the Company to execute and deliver such instruments.  The
proper officers of the Company are authorized and directed to take any and all
action necessary or advisable from time to time to carry out the terms of such
instruments.

        13.  ADJUSTMENTS.  Upon the occurrence of any of the following events,
an optionee's rights with respect to Options granted to him hereunder shall be
adjusted as hereinafter provided, unless otherwise specifically provided in the
written agreement between the optionee and the Company relating to such Option:

             A.  STOCK DIVIDENDS AND STOCK SPLITS.  If the shares of Common 
        Stock shall be subdivided or combined into a greater or smaller number
        of shares or if the Company shall issue any shares of Common Stock as a
        stock dividend on its outstanding Common Stock, the number of shares of
        Common Stock deliverable upon the exercise of Options shall be
        appropriately increased or decreased proportionately, and appropriate
        adjustments shall be made in the purchase price per share to reflect
        such subdivision, combination or stock dividend.

             B.  CONSOLIDATIONS OR MERGERS.  If the Company is to be 
        consolidated with or acquired by another entity in a merger, sale of
        all or substantially all of the Company's assets or otherwise (an
        "Acquisition"), the Committee or the board of directors of any entity
        assuming the obligations of the Company hereunder (the "Successor
        Board"), shall, as to outstanding Options, either (i) make appropriate
        provision for the continuation of such Options by substituting on an
        equitable basis for the shares then subject to such Options
        the consideration payable with respect to the outstanding

   7
                                    - 7 -

        shares of Common Stock in connection with the Acquisition; or (ii) upon
        written notice to the optionees, provide that all Options must be
        exercised, to the extent then exercisable, within a specified number of
        days of the date of such notice, at the end of which period the Options
        shall terminate; or (iii) terminate all Options in exchange for a cash
        payment equal to the excess of the fair market value of the shares
        subject to such Options (to the extent then exercisable) over the
        exercise price thereof.

                C.  RECAPITALIZATION OR REORGANIZATION.  In the event of a
        recapitalization or reorganization of the Company (other than a
        transaction described in subparagraph B above) pursuant to which
        securities of the Company or of another corporation are issued with
        respect to the outstanding shares of Common Stock, an optionee upon
        exercising an Option shall be entitled to receive for the purchase
        price paid upon such exercise the securities he would have received if
        he had exercised his Option prior to such recapitalization or
        reorganization.

                D.  MODIFICATION OF ISOs.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, any
        adjustments made pursuant to subparagraphs A, B or C with respect to
        ISOs shall be made only after the Committee, after consulting with
        counsel for the Company, determines whether such adjustments would
        constitute a "modification" of such ISOs (as that term is defined in
        Section 425 of the Code) or would cause any adverse tax consequences
        for the holders of such ISOs.  If the Committee determines that such
        adjustments made with respect to ISOs would constitute a modification
        of such ISOs, it may refrain from making such adjustments.

                E.  DISSOLUTION OR LIQUIDATION.  In the event of the proposed
        dissolution or liquidation of the Company, each Option will terminate
        immediately prior to the consummation of such proposed action or at
        such other time and subject to such other conditions as shall be
        determined by the Committee.

                F.  ISSUANCES OF SECURITIES.  Except as expressly provided
        herein, no issuance by the Company of shares of stock of any class, or
        securities convertible into shares of stock of any class, shall affect,
        and no adjustment by reason thereof shall be made with respect to, the
        number or price of shares subject to Options.  No adjustments shall be
        made for dividends paid in cash or in property other than securities of
        the Company.

                G.  FRACTIONAL SHARES.  No fractional shares shall be issued
        under the Plan and the optionee shall receive from the Company cash in
        lieu of such fractional shares.

   8

                                    - 8 -

                H.  ADJUSTMENTS.  Upon the happening of any of the events
        described in subparagraphs A, B or C above, the class and aggregate
        number of shares set forth in paragraph 4 hereof that are subject to
        Options which previously have been or subsequently may be granted under
        the Plan shall also be appropriately adjusted to reflect the events
        described in such subparagraphs.  The Committee or the Successor Board
        shall determine the specific adjustments to be made under this
        paragraph 13 and, subject to paragraph 2, its determination shall be
        conclusive.

        If any person or entity owning restricted Common Stock obtained by
exercise of an Option receives shares or securities or cash in connection with
a corporate transaction described in subparagraphs A, B or C above as a result
of owning such restricted Common Stock, such shares or securities or cash shall
be subject to all of the conditions and restrictions applicable to the 
restricted Common Stock with respect to which such shares or securities or cash
were issued, unless otherwise determined by the Committee or the Successor
Board.

        14.  MEANS OF EXERCISING OPTIONS.  An Option (or any part or
installment thereof) shall be exercised by giving written notice to the Company
at its principal office address.  Such notice shall identify the Option being
exercised and specify the number of shares as to which such Option is being
exercised, accompanied by full payment of the purchase price therefor either
(a) in United States dollars in cash or by check, or (b) at the discretion of
the Committee, through delivery of shares of Common Stock having fair market
value equal as of the date of the exercise to the cash exercise price of the
Option, or (c) at the discretion of the Committee in exceptional cases, by
delivery of the optionee's personal recourse note bearing interest payable not
less than annually at no less than 100% of the lowest applicable Federal rate,
as defined in Section 1274(d) of the Code, or (d) at the discretion of the
Committee, by any combination of (a), (b) and (c) above.  If the Committee
exercises its discretion to permit payment of the exercise price of an ISO by
means of the methods set forth in clauses (b) or (c) of the preceding sentence,
such discretion shall be exercised in writing at the time of the grant of the
ISO in question. Alternatively, payment may be made in whole or in part in
shares of the Common Stock of the Company already owned by the person or
persons exercising the option or shares subject to the option being exercised
(subject to such restrictions and guidelines as the Board may adopt from time
to time), or consistent with applicable law, through the delivery of an
assignment to the Company of a sufficient amount of the proceeds from the sale
of the Common Stock acquired upon exercise of the option and an authorization
to the broker or selling agent to pay that amount to the Company, which sale
shall be at the participant's direction at the time of exercise.  The holder of
an Option shall not have the rights of a shareholder with respect to the shares

   9

                                    - 9 -

covered by his Option until the date of issuance of a stock certificate to him
for such shares.  Except as expressly provided above in paragraph 13 with
respect to changes in capitalization and stock dividends, no adjustment shall   
be made for dividends or similar rights for which the record date is before the
date such stock certificate is issued.

        15.  TERM AND AMENDMENT OF PLAN.  This Plan was adopted by the Board on
March 13, 1991, and shall expire on the end of the day on March 13, 2001
(except as to Options outstanding on that date).  The Board may at any time
terminate the Plan or make such modification or amendment thereof as it deems
advisable, PROVIDED, however, that the Board may not, without approval by the
affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the securities of the Company
present, or represented, and entitled to vote at a meeting duly held in
accordance with the applicable laws of the state in which the Company is
incorporated, (i) materially increase the benefits accruing to participants
under the Plan; (ii) increase the number of shares for which options may be
granted under the Plan; or (iii) materially modify the requirements as to
eligibility for participation in the Plan. Termination or any modification or
amendment of the Plan shall not, without consent of a participant, affect his
rights under an option previously granted to him.

        16.  CONVERSION OF ISOs INTO NSOs; TERMINATION OF ISOS.  The Committee,
with the written approval of any optionee, may in its discretion take such
actions as may be necessary to convert such optionee's ISOs (or any
installments of portions of installments thereof) that have not been exercised
on the date of conversion into NSOs at any time prior to the expiration of such
ISOs, regardless of whether the optionee is an employee of the Company or a
Related Corporation at the time of such conversion.  Such actions may include,
but not be limited to, extending the exercise period or reducing the exercise
price of the appropriate installments of such Options.  At the time of such
conversion, the Committee (with the consent of the optionee) may impose such
conditions on the exercise of the resulting NSOs as the Committee in its
discretion may determine, provided that such conditions shall not be
inconsistent with this Plan.  Nothing in the Plan shall be deemed to give any
optionee the right to have such optionee's ISOs converted into NSOs, and no
such conversion shall occur until and unless the Committee takes appropriate
action. The Committee, with the consent of the optionee, may also terminate any
portion of any ISO that has not been exercised at the time of such termination.

        17.  APPLICATION OF FUNDS.  The proceeds received by the Company from
the sale of shares pursuant to Options granted under the Plan shall be used for
general corporate purposes.

   10

                                    - 10 -

        18.  GOVERNMENTAL REGULATION.  The Company's obligation to sell and
deliver shares of Common Stock under this Plan is subject to the approval of
any governmental authority required in connection with the authorization,
issuance or sale of such shares.

        19.  WITHHOLDING OF ADDITIONAL INCOME TAXES.  Upon the exercise of a
NSO, the making of a Disqualifying Disposition (as defined in paragraph 20) or
the vesting of restricted Common Stock acquired on the exercise of an Option,
the Company, in accordance with Section 3402(a) of the Code, may require the
optionee to pay additional withholding taxes in respect of the amount that is
considered compensation includible in such person's gross income.  The
Committee in its discretion may condition (i) the exercise of an Option or (ii)
the vesting of restricted Common Stock acquired by exercising an Option, on the
optionee's payment of such additional withholding taxes.

        20.  NOTICE TO COMPANY OF DISQUALIFYING DISPOSITION.  Each employee who
receives ISOs shall agree to notify the Company in writing immediately after
the employee makes a disqualifying disposition of any Common Stock received
pursuant to the exercise of an ISO (a "Disqualifying Disposition"). 
Disqualifying Disposition means any disposition (including any sale) of such
stock before the later of (a) two years after the employee was granted the ISO
under which he acquired such stock, or (b) one year after the employee acquired
such stock by exercising such ISO.  If the employee has died before such stock
is sold, these holding period requirements do not apply and no Disqualifying
Disposition will thereafter occur.

        21.  GOVERNING LAWS; CONSTRUCTION.  The validity and construction of
the Plan and the instruments evidencing Options shall be governed by the laws
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.  In construing this Plan, the singular
shall include the plural and the masculine gender shall include the feminine
and neuter, unless the context otherwise requires.

   1

                                                               EXHIBIT 10.6 

                                 TERADYNE, INC.

                       1979 EMPLOYEE STOCK PURCHASE PLAN

                          (Amended as of June 15, 1994)

ARTICLE 1 - PURPOSE

        This Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the "Plan") is intended as an
incentive and to encourage stock ownership by all eligible employees of
Teradyne, Inc. (the "Company"), participating subsidiaries, and acquired
businesses so that they may share in the growth of the Company by acquiring or
increasing their proprietary interest in the Company.  It is intended that
options issued pursuant to the Plan shall constitute options issued pursuant to
an "employee stock purchase plan" within the meaning of Section 423 of the
Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (the "Code"), as amended.

ARTICLE 2 - ADMINISTRATION OF THE PLAN

        The Plan may be administered by a committee appointed by the Board of
Directors of the Company (the "Committee").  The Committee shall consist of not
less than two members of the Company's Board of Directors.  The Board of
Directors may from time to time remove members from, or add members to, the
Committee.  Vacancies on the Committee, howsoever caused, shall be filled by
the Board of Directors.  The Committee may select on one of its members as
Chairman, and shall hold meetings at such times and places as it may determine. 
Acts by a majority of the Committee, or acts reduced to or approved in writing
by a majority of the members of the Committee, shall be the valid acts of the
Committee.

        The interpretation and construction by the Committee of any provisions
of the Plan or of any option granted under its shall be final unless otherwise
determined by the Board of Directors. The Committee may from time to time adopt
such rules and regulations for carrying out the Plan as it may deem best,
provided that any such rules and regulation shall be applied on a uniform basis
to all employees under the Plan.  No member of the Board of Directors or the
Committee shall be liable for any action or determination made in good faith
with respect to the Plan or any option granted under it.

        In the event the Board of Directors fails to appoint or refrains from
appointing a Committee, the Board of Directors shall have all powers and
authority to administer the Plan.  In such event, the word "Committee" wherever
used herein shall be deemed to mean the Board of Directors.

ARTICLE 3 - ELIGIBLE EMPLOYEES

        No option may be granted to any person serving as a member of the
Committee at the time of grant.  Subject to this limitation,

   2

                                    - 2 -

all Eligible Employees (as defined herein) of the Company or any of its
participating subsidiaries (as defined in Article 18) who have completed more
than 90 days of employment with the Company or any of its subsidiaries on or
before the first day of any Payment Period (as defined in Article 5) shall be
eligible to receive options under this Plan to purchase the Company's Common
Stock, and all Eligible Employees shall have the same rights and privileges as
defined in this Plan.  In no event may an employee be granted an option if such
employee, immediately after the option is granted, owns stock possessing 5
percent or more of the total combined voting power or value of all classes of
stock of the Company or of its parent corporation or subsidiary corporation, as
the terms "parent corporation" and "subsidiary corporation" are defined in
Section 425 of the Code.  For purposes of determining stock ownership under
this paragraph, the rules of Section 425(d) of the Code shall apply, and stock
which the employee may purchase under outstanding options shall be treated as
stock owned by the employee.

        For purposes of this Plan the term "Eligible Employee" shall not
include an employee whose customary employment is less than 20 hours per week
or whose customary employment is for not more than 5 months in any calendar
year.

        The Board of Directors shall have the authority to permit employees of
acquired businesses to participate in the Plan effective within the then
current Payment Period without compliance with the eligibility and
participation requirements of the Plan, to the extent permitted by the Code.

ARTICLE 4 - STOCK SUBJECT TO THE PLAN

        The stock subject to the options shall be shares of the Company's
authorized but unissued shares of Common Stock or shares of Common Stock
re-acquired by the Company, including shares purchased in the open market.  The
aggregate number of shares which may be issued pursuant to the Plan is
4,600,000, subject to adjustment as provided in Article 13.  In the event any
option granted under the Plan shall expire or terminate for any reason without
having been exercised in full or shall cease for any reason to be exercisable
in whole or in part, the unpurchased shares subject thereto shall again be
available under the Plan.

ARTICLE 5 - PAYMENT PERIOD AND STOCK OPTIONS

        The twelve-month period commencing annually on the first day of January
and ending annually on the last day of December is the Payment Period during
which payroll deductions will be accumulated under the Plan.  Each Payment
Period includes only regular pay days falling within it.


   3

                                    - 3 -

        Annually on the first business day of the Payment Period, the Company
will grant to each Eligible Employee who has elected to participate in the Plan
an option to purchase on the last day of such Payment Period, at the Option
Price hereinafter provided for, such number of shares of the Common Stock of
the Company reserved for the purpose of the Plan as does not exceed the greater
of the number of shares equal to 10% of the employee's regular annual base pay
divided by the price determined in accordance with (i) below, or 3,000 shares,
on condition that such employee remains eligible to participate in the Plan
throughout such Payment Period.  The participant shall be entitled to exercise
such options so granted only to the extent of his accumulated payroll
deductions on the last day of such Payment Period, but in no event to exceed
3,000 shares.  The Option Price for each Payment Period shall be the lesser of
(i) 85% of the average market price of the Company's Common Stock on the first
business day of the Payment Period or (ii) 85% of the average market price of
the Company's Common Stock on the last business day of the Payment Period, in
either event rounded up to avoid fractions other than 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4.  The
foregoing limitation on the number of shares which may be granted in any
Payment period and the Option Price per share shall be subject to adjustment as
provided in Article 13.

        For purposes of the Plan the term "average market price" is the average
of the high and low prices of the Common Stock of the Company on the principal
national securities exchange on which it is so traded or such other national
securities exchange as shall be designated by the Committee.

        For purposes of this Plan the term "business day" as used herein means
a day on which there is trading on the national securities exchange.

        No Eligible Employee shall be granted an option which permits his
rights to purchase Common Stock under the Plan and any similar plans of the
Company or any parent or subsidiary corporations to accrue at a rate which
exceeds $25,000 of fair market value of such stock (determined at the time such
option is granted) for each calendar year in which such option is outstanding
at any time.  The purpose of the limitation in the preceding sentence is to
comply with Section 423(b)(8) of the Code.

ARTICLE 6 - EXERCISE OF OPTION

        Each Eligible Employee who continues to be a participant in the Plan on
the last business day of a Payment Period shall be deemed to have exercised his
option on such date and shall be deemed to have purchased from the Company such
number of full shares of Common Stock reserved for the purpose of the Plan as
his accumulated payroll deductions on such date will pay for at such Option
Price but in no event more than 3,000 shares.

   4

                                    - 4 -

Subject to Article 15, if a participant is not an employee on the last business
day of a Payment Period, he shall not be entitled to exercise his option.

ARTICLE 7 - UNUSED PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS

        Only full shares of Common Stock may be purchased under the Plan. 
Unused payroll deductions remaining in an employee's account at the end of a
Payment Period shall be refunded to such participant without interest.

ARTICLE 8 - AUTHORIZATION FOR ENTERING PLAN

        An Eligible Employee may enter the Plan by filling out, signing and
delivering to the Personnel Office an authorization:

        A.   Stating the amount to be deducted regularly from his pay;

        B.   Authorizing the purchase of stock for him in the Payment
             Period in accordance with the terms of the Plan; and

        C.   Specifying the exact name in which stock purchased for
             him is to be issued as provided under Article 12 hereof.

        Such authorization must be received by the Personnel Office at least 15
days before the beginning date of the next Payment Period.

        Unless an employee files a new authorization or withdraws from the
Plan, his deductions and purchases under the authorization he has on file under
the Plan will continue from one Payment Period to succeeding Payment Periods as
long as the Plan remains in effect.

        The Company will accumulate and hold for the employee's account the
amounts deducted from his pay.  No interest will be paid on it.

ARTICLE 9 - MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM AMOUNTS OF PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS

        An Eligible Employee may authorize payroll deductions in an amount (in
whole percents) not less than 2% but not more than 10% of his regular annual
base pay.

ARTICLE 10 - NO CHANGE IN PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS

        Deductions may not be increased or decreased during any Payment Period,
except to reflect changes in base pay during the Payment Period.

   5

                                    - 5 -

ARTICLE 11 - WITHDRAWAL FROM THE PLAN

        An Eligible Employee may withdraw from the Plan, in whole but not in
part, at any time prior to the last business day of each Payment Period by
delivering a Withdrawal Notice to the Personnel Office, in which event the
Company will refund the entire balance of his deductions as soon as practicable
thereafter.

        To re-enter the Plan, an Eligible Employee who has previously withdrawn
must file a new authorization in accordance with Article 8.  His re-entry into
the Plan cannot, however, become effective before the beginning of the next
Payment Period following his withdrawal.

ARTICLE 12 - ISSUANCE OF STOCK

        Certificates for stock issued to participants will be delivered as soon
as practicable after each Payment Period.

        Stock purchased under the Plan will be issued only in the name of the
Eligible Employee, or if his authorization so specifies, in the name of the
employee and another person of legal age as joint tenants with rights of
survivorship.

ARTICLE 13 - ADJUSTMENTS

        Upon the happening of any of the following described events, an
optionee's rights under options granted hereunder shall be adjusted as
hereinafter provided:

        A.  In the event shares of Common Stock of the Company shall be
        subdivided or combined into a greater or smaller number of shares or
        if, upon a merger, consolidation, reorganization, split-up, 
        liquidation, combination, recapitalization or the like of the Company,
        the shares of the Company's Common Stock shall be exchanged for other   
        securities of the Company or of another corporation, each optionee
        shall be entitled, subject to the conditions herein stated, to purchase
        such number of shares of Common Stock or amount of other securities of
        the Company or such other corporation as were exchangeable for the
        number of shares of Common Stock of the Company which such optionee
        would have been entitled to purchase except for such action, and
        appropriate adjustments shall be made in the purchase price per share
        to reflect such subdivision, combination, or exchange; and

        B.  In the event the Company shall issue any of its shares as a stock
        dividend upon or with respect to the shares of stock of the class which
        shall at the time be subject to option hereunder, each optionee upon
        exercising such an option shall be entitled to receive (for the
        purchase price paid upon such exercise) the shares as to which he is
        exercising his option and, in addition thereto (at no additional cost),
        such number

   6

                                    - 6 -

        of shares of the class or classes in which such stock dividend or
        dividends were declared or paid, and such amount of cash in lieu of
        fractional shares, as is equal to the number of shares thereof and the
        amount of cash in lieu of fractional shares, respectively, which he
        would have received if he had been the holder of the shares as to which
        he is exercising his option at all times between the date of the
        granting of such option and the date of its exercise.

        Upon the happening of any of the foregoing events, the class and
aggregate number of shares set forth in Article 4 hereof which are subject to
options which have heretofore been or may hereafter be granted under the Plan
shall also be appropriately adjusted to reflect the events specified in
paragraphs A and B above.  The Committee shall determine the adjustments to be
made under this Article 13, and its determination shall be conclusive.

ARTICLE 14 - NO TRANSFER OR ASSIGNMENT OF EMPLOYEE'S RIGHTS

        An employee's rights under the Plan are his alone and may not be
transferred or assigned to, or availed of by, any other person.  Any option
granted to an employee may be exercised only by him.

ARTICLE 15 - TERMINATION OF EMPLOYEE'S RIGHTS

        An employee's rights under the Plan will terminate when he ceases to be
an employee because of retirement, resignation, discharge, death, change of
status or for any other reason, except that if an employee is laid off on
account of an absence of work during the last three months of any Payment
Period, he shall nevertheless be deemed to be a participant in the Plan on the
last day of the Payment Period.  A Withdrawal Notice will be considered as
having been received from the employee on the day his employment ceases, and
all payroll deductions not used to purchase stock will be refunded.

        If an employee's payroll deductions are interrupted by any legal
process, a Withdrawal Notice will be considered as having been received from
him on the day the interruption occurs.

ARTICLE 16 - TERMINATION AND AMENDMENTS TO PLAN

        The Plan may be terminated at any time by the Company's Board of
Directors but such termination shall not affect options then outstanding under
the Plan.  It will terminate in any case when all or substantially all of the
unissued shares of stock reserved for the purposes of the Plan have been
purchased.  If at any time shares of stock reserved for the purposes of the
Plan remain available for purchase but not in sufficient number to satisfy all
then unfilled purchase requirements, the available shares shall be apportioned
among participants in proportion to their options and the Plan shall terminate. 
Upon such termination or any other termination of the Plan, all payroll
deductions not used to purchase stock will be refunded.

   7

                                  - 7 -

        The Board of Directors also reserves the right to amend the Plan from
time to time in any respect provided, however, that no amendment shall be
effective without prior approval of the stockholders which would (a) except as
provided in Article 13, increase the number of shares of Common Stock to be
offered under the Plan or (b) change the class of employees eligible to receive
options under the Plan.

ARTICLE 17 - LIMITATIONS ON SALE OF STOCK PURCHASED UNDER THE PLAN

        The Plan is intended to provide Common Stock for investment and not for
resale.  The Company does not, however, intend to restrict or influence any
employee in the conduct of his own affairs.  An employee may, therefore, sell
stock purchased under the Plan at any time he chooses, subject to compliance
with any applicable Federal or state securities laws; provided, however, that
because of certain Federal tax requirements, each employee will agree by
entering the Plan, promptly to give the Company notice of any such stock
disposed of within two years after the date of grant of the applicable option
showing the number of such share disposed of.  THE EMPLOYEE ASSUMES THE RISK OF
ANY MARKET FLUCTUATIONS IN THE PRICE OF THE STOCK.

ARTICLE 18 - PARTICIPATING SUBSIDIARIES

        The term "participating subsidiaries" shall mean any subsidiary of the
Company which is designated by the Committee to participate in the Plan.  The
Committee shall have the power to make such designation before or after the
Plan is approved by the stockholders.

ARTICLE 19 - OPTIONEES NOT STOCKHOLDERS

        Neither the granting of an option to an employee nor the deductions
from his pay shall constitute such employee a stockholder of the shares covered
by an option until such shares have been purchased by and issued to him.

ARTICLE 20 - APPLICATION OF FUNDS

        The proceeds received by the Company from the sale of Common Stock
pursuant to options granted under the Plan will be used for general corporate
purposes.

ARTICLE 21 - GOVERNMENTAL REGULATION

        The Company's obligation to sell and deliver shares of the Company's
Common Stock under this Plan is subject to the approval of any governmental
authority required in connection with the authorization, issuance or sale of
such shares.

   8
                                    - 8 -

ARTICLE 22 - APPROVAL OF STOCKHOLDERS

        The Plan shall not take effect until approved by the holders of a
majority of the outstanding shares of the Common Stock of the Company, which
approval must occur within the period ending twelve months after the date the
plan was adopted by the Board of Directors.  The Plan was adopted by the Board
of Directors on December 6, 1978.  It was approved by the stockholders of the
Company on April 25, 1979.  All subsequent amendments to the Plan adopted by
the Board of Directors have been approved by the stockholders.


   1
 
                                                                    EXHIBIT 22.1
 
                              PRESENT SUBSIDIARIES
 
PERCENTAGE STATE OR OF VOTING JURISDICTION OF SECURITIES INCORPORATION OWNED --------------------- ---------- Teradyne BeneLux, Inc (Ltd.)............................ Delaware 100% Teradyne Canada Limited................................. Canada 100% Teradyne GmbH........................................... West Germany 100% Teradyne Holdings Limited............................... England 100% Teradyne Limited................................... England 100% Teradyne Hong Kong, Ltd................................. Delaware 100% Teradyne International, Ltd............................. U.S. Virgin Islands 100% Teradyne Ireland Limited................................ Ireland 100% Teradyne Italia S.r.l................................... Italy 100% Teradyne Japan, Ltd..................................... Delaware 100% Teradyne K.K....................................... Japan 100% Teradyne Korea, Ltd..................................... Delaware 100% Teradyne Leasing, Inc................................... Massachusetts 100% Teradyne Malaysia, Ltd.................................. Delaware 100% Teradyne Netherlands B.V................................ Netherlands 100% Teradyne Netherlands, Ltd............................... Delaware 100% Teradyne Realty, Inc.................................... Massachusetts 100% Teradyne S.A............................................ France 100% Teradyne Scandinavia, Inc............................... Delaware 100% Teradyne Software and Systems Test, Inc................. Delaware 100% Teradyne Singapore, Ltd................................. Delaware 100% Teradyne Taiwan, Ltd.................................... Delaware 100% Zehntel Holdings, Inc................................... California 100% Zehntel, SARL...................................... France 100% 1000 Washington, Inc.................................... Massachusetts 100%
31
   1
 
                                                                    EXHIBIT 23.1
 
                       CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS
 
        We consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration
statements of Teradyne, Inc. on Form S-8 (File Nos. 33-55123; 33-25868;
33-16077; 33-42352; and 33-38251) and Form S-3 (File No. 33-44347) of our
report dated January 20, 1995, on our audits of the consolidated financial
statements of Teradyne, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 1994 and 1993,
and for the years ended December 31, 1994, 1993 and 1992, which report is
included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
                                            COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P.
 
Boston, Massachusetts
March 23, 1995
 
                                       32
WARNING: THE EDGAR SYSTEM ENCOUNTERED ERROR(S) WHILE PROCESSING THIS SCHEDULE.

 

5 1000 U.S. DOLLARS 12-MOS DEC-31-1994 DEC-31-1994 182,811 19,766 131,031 1,957 91,883 446,659 395,248 211,606 655,942 139,160 8,806 4,544 0 0 488,710 655,942 677,440 677,440 378,933 378,933 200,377 0 1,712 102,812 31,871 70,941 0 0 0 70,941 1.91 1.91